( National Time Service Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xián 710600)
明代中期兴起的地方志和私人著作, 记载了许多天象事件, 日食记录是其中重要内容. 地方性日食记录的精华集中在对日全食现象的生动描述, 地方志记录的最大价值是一次日全食的多个见全食点. 明代中国东部地区发生了15次中心日食. 明后期的10次中, 8次都有大量的地方性记录. 讨论了明代地方性日食记录的各种特点, 并重点展示了这8次日全食在全国各地的观测地点分布以及对日全食景象的生动描述.
Numerous celestial events were recorded in local annals and private works that emerged in the mid-Ming Dynasty. The records of solar eclipse are an important part of these records, and they focused on a vivid description of total solar eclipses and different geographical distributions. There were 15 central solar eclipses occurred in the eastern China in the Ming Dynasty. Among the 10 central solar eclipses that occurred in the late Ming Dynasty, 8 of them were recorded in a large number of local annals and private works. The paper analyzed the main features of these solar eclipses, demonstrated the distribution of the observation sites of the 8 total solar eclipses throughout the country, and discussed the vivid description of these total solar eclipses.