基于CGGTTS的北斗3号系统时间性能评估
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1.中国科学院国家授时中心西安710600;2.中国科学院时间频率基准重点实验室西安710600;3.中国科学院大学天文与空间科学学院北京100049)

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P128;

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国家自然科学基金项目(11703030)资助


The Performance Evaluation of BeiDou-3 Time Based on CGGTTS
Author:
Affiliation:

1. National Time Service Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xián 710600;2. Key Laboratory of Time and Frequency Primary Standards, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xián 710600;3. School of Astronomy and Space Science, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049;

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    摘要:

    依据国际时间频率咨询委员会(Consultative Committee for Time and Frequency, CCTF) GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System)时间比对工作组制定的时间传递标准(Common GNSS Generic Time Transfer Standard Version2E, CGGTTS_V2E), 针对GNSS接收机观测到的伪距信号开发了数据处理软件, 用于生成标准格式的CGGTTS文件, 并对其可靠性进行了验证. 结果表明, 与sbf2cggtts软件生成的CGGTTS文件相比, 在同一历元下, 分别利用相同GPS和BeiDou-2卫星观测值计算的星地钟差值基本一致, 互差绝对值不超过0.5ns的差值分别占总数的96%、94%. 以中国标准时间UTC(NTSC) (Coordinated Universal Time (National Time Service Center))为参考, 利用数据处理软件分别对BeiDou-2和BeiDou-3卫星的B1I和B3I双频消电离层组合观测值处理并生成标准格式的CGGTTS文件, 通过分析其星地钟差参数对BeiDou系统时间的性能进行评估. 结果表明, 与BeiDou-2相比, BeiDou-3系统时间的内符合精度提高约28%, 且1 d以上中长期频率稳定度明显优于BeiDou-2.

    Abstract:

    According to the Common GNSS Generic Time Transfer Standard Version2E (CGGTTS_V2E) developed by the GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) Working Group of the International Consultative Committee for Time and Frequency (CCTF), the data processing software is developed by using the pseudorange signal measured by the GNSS receiver, which is used to generate the CGGTTS files in the standard format, and its reliability is verified. The results show that, compared with the CGGTTS files generated by sbf2cggtts software, the offset between the GNSS system time and local time scale calculated by the same GPS and BDS satellite observations in the same epoch is identical, and the difference with the absolute value of the difference less than 0.5 ns accounts for 96% and 94% of the total, respectively. Taking Chinese standard time UTC(NTSC) (Coordinated Universal Time (National Time Service Center)) as the reference time scale, the data processing software is used to process the observations of the B1I and B3I dual-frequency ionospheric combination of BeiDou-2 and BeiDou-3 satellites, and generate the CGGTTS files in the standard format, and the performance of BeiDou system time is evaluated by analyzing the parameter of offset between the GNSS system time and local time scale. The results show that, compared with BeiDou-2, the internal precision of BeiDou-3 system time is increased by about 28%, and the frequency stability of medium and long-term is obviously better than BeiDou-2 after one day.

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郭栋,董绍武,武文俊,王威雄,张健,袁海波.基于CGGTTS的北斗3号系统时间性能评估[J].天文学报,2020,(6):13-24.

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  • 收稿日期:2020-02-18
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  • 在线发布日期: 2020-12-04
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